You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Ancient Egyptians referred to its deserts as the Red Lands and they were considered barren and hostile. The SAHARA DESERT flanked the valley on the east and west. Egypt is located in northern Africa and shares borders with Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, and Sudan. Geography Explore. The ancient … The 'black land' was the fertile land on the banks of the Nile. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Click here to learn more about The Nile River, function clearText(thefield){ By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. This was the religious capital during much of the New Kingdom. The Eastern Desert extended out to the Red Sea. The geography of this desert consisted of more mountains and rocky areas than sand dunes. The geography of ancient Egypt changed and became that of one country…. Ancient Egypt flourished as the garden of the ancient world. It is part of what is known as the Arabian Desert today. var a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i The Nile River was the center of ancient Egypt. The headwaters of this great river lie deep in Africa and every spring, snowmelt from the Ethiopian highlands poured down into the river, causing it to slowly rise. G. R A P E S Religion The religions of the Ancient Egyptians consisted of Polytheistic beliefs. This site uses cookies. The Western Desert was actually part of the Libyan Desert and covered 262,000 square miles. else if (h) d=g+h+i Geography and early civilization: Ancient Egypt was located in northeast Africa on the banks of the Lower Nile River, the longest river in the world. Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt 4. escramble() Geography and Agriculture Ancient Egypt developed along the valley of the Nile River, stretching from present-day SUDAN in the south to the river's broad delta on the Mediterranean Sea. How did the geography of ancient egypt help agriculture develop? document.write(a+b+c+d+e) The Geography of Egypt. Thebes also contains the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, with hundreds of royal grave sites. The harsh climate pushed the early Egyptian tribes toward the Nile River Valley, where the long, strong river kept the surrounding areas … The geography of ancient Egypt helped agriculture develop because agriculture depended on the location of natural features. They believed their country was divided into two distinct geographical sections, the black land (the fertile banks of the river Nile) and the red land … One of the most striking features of the geography of Egypt is its extreme climate. So that was already done for the Egyptians, so they didn't have to work as hard to irrigate, leaving more time for actual farming. The ancient Egyptians used this land for growing their crops. First there is the north and south. View of Saharan dust blowing over Egypt and towards the Middle East. Ancient Egypt's geographical setting is mostly made up of deserts, rivers, and rocky terrain. The geography of Egypt greatly affected the unique culture these ancient people created thousands of years ago. The climate of ancient Egypt was much like today: hot and arid. Upper Egypt was little more than a river valley, only about two miles wide at its narrowest and 12 at its widest. In this section you will find several maps of ancient and modern Egypt. It made up most of what is now the modern Arab Republic of Egypt. These precious gemstones were found in Sinai, the deserts and an island in the Red Sea. Click on the different category headings to find out more. The predictable and gentle flooding schedule of the Nile helped Egypt flourish for nearly 3,000 years. Very little rain fell in ancient Egypt, certainly not much more than falls in the present, and so drinking water, washing water, water for crops and animals, all of it came from the Nile. } Although the actual population of ancient Egyptian wasn’t recorded until the Romans took over, there are some scientific estimates that are based on the geography of ancient Egypt and its capacity to support agriculture: I hope you enjoyed this page on the Geography of Ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptians depended on the river for their survival, and till now the bulk of the population live along its banks. Cite this page Total Size: 1,001,450 square km. 35,000 km - 3.5% - of the total land area is cultivated and permanently settled. Memphis is the Greek name. The geography of Ancient Egypt was an interesting concept from the perspective of the ancient Egyptians themselves. Although modern day Egypt is even more integrated, and had many invasions from different cultures, the distinction could still be seen. The ancient Egyptian civilization developed along the lower Nile River to the Mediterranean Sea. Travertine and chert were also found in these quarries, while additional quarries for limestone were built near Alexandria and the area where the Nile poured into the Mediterranean. If you did, please share it with anyone else you think might like it. The climate changed and started drying out, and thus the animals began to migrate elsewhere. This desert also contained oases, five of which are still known today. Touring Ancient Egypt - Geography and its affect on the ancient Egyptian civilization Ancient Egyptian Civilization through the 5 themes of geography, 6th grade Geography lesson plans are …