The DRM is the only detailed design … Design steam room to be at least 8 feet by 8 feet. Josh Meyer, principal at The Jacobs Laboratory Planning Group in Tarrytown, NY, stresses the need for accreditation from AAALAC International (Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care), as well as the need to meet National Institutes of Health standards. With a passionate team of vivarium designers, horticulturist and microfauna specialist, our vision is … Cage Storage—A necessary function, but a space consumer, which unfortunately is frequently short shrifted. The method of allowing researcher access under controlled conditions is a critical issue to be solved. Page F.70: “The air-handling system design … Automation has gotten a lot more reliable and commonplace, according to Meyer, along with vacuum and chain-and-puck bedding systems. Air quality, caging type and caging density are the primary determinants of airflow rate. Cage wash is divided between a clean, that is an incoming or supply side, and a dirty, that is an outgoing or return side. Drawing upon decades of vivarium design, engineering analysis, budget management, installation and service experience, the Vivarium Design Services department (VDS) provides Allentown customers with invaluable insights necessary to make educated facility design … “The thought of collecting all this waste manually, dumping it into a dumpster manually…it has to be a pretty small facility.” He also says that more of his clients are requesting a higher percentage of procedure space within their vivariums, because “the last thing you want to do is have animals leave the vivarium.” He shares that there should be at least one six-foot biosafety cabinet for every 300 to 400 cages. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. ABG substrate consists of 2 parts tree fern fiber, 1 part peat, 1 part charcoal, 1 … Designing the AHR space as a flexibly-rearranged entity which can be readily changed between animal holding and procedural functions with a minimum of refit as study paradigms change. These facilities are fundamentally about the care and maintenance of the experimental animals. Even if the animal facility is underground. Vivarium Design And Management For The Laboratory Animal Veterinarian. Example Building Automation System (BAS) that controls airflow and space temperature, and monitors system performance, etc. Main Office: 5205 Chairman's Court, Suite 300 Frederick, MD USA … See Figures 1, 2, and 3 for examples. Roberts suggests following the NIH Design Requirements Manual when answering the questions, while noting any client exceptions for issues such as sound levels and transmission, cage change intervals, sterility requirements, and animal room … If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter … Since HVAC is the life-sustaining system, consideration should be given to methods of providing redundancy and backup to maintain continual operation. Floor-to-Floor Height—The clear height from floor to ceiling should be 8'–6" to 9'–0". … This can be a cost-effective move, he says, because “the mechanical penthouse is right there, and you’re not bringing exhaust throughout the whole building—especially if there are flooding concerns.”, Tags:  lab designlaboratory renovationsLife ScienceProduct Resource: Resourcesresearch animals, To be credible in the scientific community and to deliver technical value to customers, laboratory managers must deliver reproducible results, Related Article: Allergies in the Workplace, Ensuring Reproducible Data in the Laboratory. White, V.M.D., M.S., DACLAM, Dip. Whether vivariums are embedded within a lab building, are in a separate structure connected to a lab building, or are independent free-standing structures, they share the same basic attributes. 1090 Vermont Avenue, NW, Suite 700 | Washington, DC 20005-4950 | (202) 289-7800 Corridors should have impervious finishes so that they are easy to clean and maintain. Gnotobiotics—a condition in which all the forms of life present within an organism can be accounted for—is a field that’s getting bigger and bigger, says Meyer. Should you have any questions or comments on the WBDG, please feel free to contract our team at wbdg@nibs.org. The facilities are complex, and expensive to build and to operate, but they are vital to the support of a proper, safe, and humane research effort. They’re also very reliable because it’s not a pressure vessel, and it doesn’t weigh nearly the amount as a steam sterilizer,” he says. If you plan well, you can get an excellent facility. Vivariums present many unique challenges to design and construction professionals. Lab Ventilation ACH Rates Standards and Guidelines January 3, 2012 White Paper Series Page 2 1.0 Introduction This document provides an overview of current US and European design practices, standards… I’m seeing that more and more. Specialized procedural areas included in the building design include two rodent behavioral suites, a small animal imaging suite and a small animal irradiator. They are a lot more cognizant of how many people are working, trying to direct traffic…it’s easier in an animal facility, especially if it’s a dual corridor with soiled and clean corridors. Animal research and animal research facilities are critical to the biomedical research enterprise. Sophisticated control and monitoring systems and equipment are employed to achieve closely controlled and regulated air pressurizations and flows. Concrete masonry units are preferred substrate because of their strength and stability. Because of their unique and sensitive nature, they can be costly to build and operate. Due to the stringent environmental and construction requirements, designers and builders have their hands full ensuring the facility meets the numerous standards … Electrical systems are ubiquitous. Barrier Elements—Airlocks, lockers, pass-through autoclaves. The streamlining of waste treatment and disposal in an environmentally-sensitive manner, both from the cagewashing operation and Necropsy/Perfusion spaces, are being addressed with new technologies. William J.  The vivarium design should anticipate and accommodate development, growth, or change in use without compromising the well-being of animals or safety of employees  Building … Automated record-keeping and integration with Building Automation Systems. Meyer, who often travels to Asia for his work, cites software programs such as Bluebeam which have been helpful as more and more design firms have turned to remote working. The full design includes integrated custom lighting system, integrated misting system, integrated air cycling system, removable front panel, side feeding door, custom stand and hood, … As such, a separate WBDG Resource Page on Trends in Lab Design has been developed to elaborate on this emerging model of laboratory design. Organize circulation to permit controlled flows of people, animals, material, supplies, and wastes. age of the facility, it does not meet current standards for Vivarium design, controllability of systems, redundancy and other aspects of daily operations. May 30, 2020 - Explore Jon Orling's board "Aquarium design", followed by 298 people on Pinterest. surgery, clinical chemistry, and histology. A manual one-hour … Epoxy terrazzo or resinous floor coatings are preferred. A "zoning" approach to facility layout that allows access to daylight via windows or other means at office and non-sensitive support spaces without having the staff leave the animal environment. But with the tools out there, we’ve been very successful continuing projects.” Getting used to software and other virtual programs has also been somewhat of a challenge, he says. Storage—A necessary space and function for feed, bedding, and equipment has to be incorporated into the operational flow and space allocation. Providing for such natural behaviors as exercise, opportunities for group interactions, and nesting and foraging are warranting new ideas to replace more stressful traditional housing paradigms. However, he adds that he misses the interaction with clients and colleagues: “The technology is really just getting to know somebody—there’s a big difference between working with somebody virtually and working face-to-face. A desirable goal is to locate the spaces and devices in a manner that allows the separation of maintenance functions from animal care functions. Vivariums present many unique challenges to design and construction professionals. Install computer hook-aps at staff work stations. Labor saving technologies such as robotics and to a lesser extent, overhead gantry- or floor rail-based-systems, are being more extensively applied in cagewash facilities. © 2021 National Institute of Building Sciences. These operate under positive pressure to keep contaminants out. Hot air versus steam sterilizers, says Meyer, is an option that has “been around for a while, but more and more clients are inquiring about it.” Medium and high pressure steam systems require a fireman (boiler plant operator) 24/7, he adds, “so a lot of our clients want to go to low pressure steam systems because they don’t have to have that 24-hour fireman. Clients are pushing project design teams to create laboratories that are responsive to current and future needs; that encourage interaction among scientists from various disciplines; that help recruit and retain qualified scientists; and that facilitates partnerships and development. Interior Walls and Partitions—Should be stable and capable of withstanding abuse and wash-down. See also WBDG Sustainable O&M Practices. – Steven W. Darr and James Petitto Helen Kelly asked research practitioners and vivarium design professionals about the future of vivarium design. Providing design to support an animal facility renovation to comply with new corporate global standards. These provide the primary barrier and access control that separates the controlled animal care environment from external influences. The industry standard vivarium substrate was first coined by Atlanta Botanical Gardens, as the "ABG" substrate. Locker room hours in vivariums must be staggered, and entry and exit points are also a major concern in regards to social distancing. The ability of the operator to maintain and adapt environmental control within spaces and between circulation paths and to avoid contaminants or infection. T he National Institutes of Health (NIH) Design Requirements Manual (DRM) establishes policy, design requirements, standards and technical criteria for use in planning, programming, and designing NIH owned, leased, operated, and funded buildings and facilities. Vivarium Design Helen Kelly and Vera Baumans The vivarium of the future will be designed with an eye toward environments that serve its occupants rather than the other way around. Veterinary Care—Lab and care functions, e.g. See more ideas about vivarium, frog habitat, habitats. These should be wide enough to accommodate animal rack, cart, and material traffic flow, not just egress requirements. “I’m somewhat old-fashioned and miss drawing and making corrections on [paper].”, Operational and design features for the vivariums themselves have also been affected. For major equipment, load capacity is calculated system by system. These types of rodents require a lot of space, and Meyer is seeing more and more of these facilities come online as he works with his clients. Dedicated Receiving Dock—A dock specific to animal functions is generally required. It’s also good to know that some of the older vivariums use interstitial space and that also makes it easier.”, Maintaining pressurization, says Meyer, is one of the biggest challenges that comes with designing or renovating a vivarium lab. Figure 1: Animal Housing Room for Rodents in Ventilated Racks View enlarged plan, Figure 2: Animal Housing Room for Non-human Primates View enlarged plan, Figure 3: Animal Housing Room for Dogs View enlarged plan. Small animal vivarium standards include: a. Architecture and building systems must ensure that outside contaminants or pathogens cannot be introduced into the facility, and that infectious outbreaks will not occur. Continuous hinges are preferred. The Animal receiving areas should be subdivided to distinguished between incoming animals and receiving, and outgoing waste. THE OPPORTUNITY. Corridors should have a clear width of 7'–0" to 8'–0". Staff Support Areas—Break area, cafeterias, workstation, lockers, and rest-room facilities. The clear height above the ceiling should be 5'–0" to the underside of the structure to accommodate infrastructure support system distribution. There are requirements about whether animals must be housed in a pen or a cage, the size of the facility and the cages, how to control odor throughout the building, what kinds of HEPA filters may be required, and countless other aspects related to vivarium design. When given input on room footprint, volume, lighting, air output, and heat loads sources, CFDs can generate hitherto never before conceived optimized space configurations. Nationwide costs are generally 85% — 95% of the NY metro costs, depending on local market conditions. Meyer, who has been with Jacobs for over 30 years and has led the firm in many research projects and animal facilities for academic, institutional, and corporate clients, shares some of the trends he’s seen in his recent work. Disclaimer, Unified Facilities Guide Specifications (UFGS), Unaccompanied Personnel Housing (Barracks), Association for Accreditation and Assessment of Laboratory Animal Care International (AAALAC), New Jersey Association for Biomedical Research, Pennsylvania Society for Biomedical Research, Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, Productive—Assure Reliable Systems and Spaces, ARS Facilities Design Standards Manual ARS 242.1M, Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL) 5th Edition, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Aesthetics—Engage the Integrated Design Process, Functional / Operational—Account for Functional Needs, Functional / Operational—Meet Performance Objectives, Productive—Provide Comfortable Environments, Secure / Safe—Security for Building Occupants and Assets, American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS), Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC), Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR), Scientific Equipment and Furniture Association (SEFA), The continuous maintenance of environments in these facilities must be without failure, downtime, or disruption. The major equipment items include pass-through rackwashers, tunnelwashers, pass-through autoclaves, bedding dispensers and dump stations, and bottle washing and filling stations. Lighting, Power, Data, and Fire Alarm. VIVARIUM. This has been increasing the use of higher density housing types of caging in order to run more studies in shorter time periods, thus to generate a higher level of throughput. Floor and Framing System—Should be stable, monolithic, (preferably concrete), and capable of a 125 psf live load to dampen vibration. See also WBDG Productive—Assure Reliable Systems and Spaces. But not all of them are designed that way.”. 2. 3. Procedure Rooms—Proximate to AHRs and frequently interchangeable with them; they are a primary setting for research activity within the unit. Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Forest Glen, MD—A technically advanced, highly flexible facility which houses multiple organizations from the Army & Navy's major domestic biomedical research activities.Photo Credit: HLW International LLP. Building Automation Systems (BAS) via Direct Digital Controls (DDC) control and monitor the interaction of all elements of the HVAC system. Engaging an experienced architect or vivarium planner is a necessary part of the design of new and extensively renovated facilities, but, even before working with these consultants, veterinarians and vivarium managers can develop a basic understanding of the principles and components that will facilitate the design … A common issue with laboratories that need to be updated or expanded is whether it makes more sense to build a completely new facility or renovate an existing facility. Overall system design is largely governed by the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals and ASHRAE Handbook—HVAC Applications, Chapters 16 and 24. New caging and housing types, such as high density ventilated racks (HDVRs), have altered room design and are promoting the increased usage of computational fluid dynamics (CFDs) to model room environments and HVAC characteristics. “If you're going to use large animals then all of a sudden the USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] guidelines come into effect,” adds Meyer. Plumbing systems are pervasive, but are varied, discrete, and independent. See also WBDG. Initiatives to promote psychological well-being of animals are affecting all species. We’ve done several underground facilities that have skylights over the break area.” And not every vivarium facility is underground, he adds, stating that he’s worked on many facilities that were located on the top floor of their respective buildings. 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