It is the heteronormative home that allows the space for homosexual relationships. Lihaaf – an expose of same sex relationship in a Muslim household. Her presence in his life was completely dismissed and forgotten by him. “, It was pitch dark and Begum Jaan’s quilt was shaking vigorously as though an elephant was struggling inside. According to the description of Ismat Chughtai “Begum Jaan” is very beautiful, young, white skin and well figured women. Main Theme: Homosexuality, sexual discrimination, marriage for money etc. “Lihaaf” is a 1942 Urdu short story written by Ismat Chugtai. The themes of sensuality were not a rarity in Urdu literature. The story narrated from a little girl’s perspective deliberately avoids an explicit articulation of the Nawab’s preoccupation. Gay Interest: Lesbian Characters "Lihaaf" is a short story written by Ismat Chughtai and first published in 1942 in the Urdu literary journal Adabi Latif. A period drama, the film is based on Ismat Chugtai’s most celebrated story “Lihaaf” (published 1942). Sacrificing for a Dream Doesn’t Feel Like Sacrifice. It would establish the notion in people’s minds that a homosexual individual is necessarily a pedophile and sexual predator. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Brokeback Mountain, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Then Rabbu a household servant enter in her life, she had a great therapy of massage which made Begum Jaan happy and satisfy. She have sexual desires which she want to satisfy with Nawab Sahab so she try to seduce him in different ways but nothing happened and turned to loneliness. The narrator also goes to describe the working class roughened and darkened body of the maid, comparing it to the glowing skin of Begum Jaan, trapped inside the house,  never blemished by the sun. His only pleasure and desire, that remains unspoken of, is derived from providing an ‘open house’ for his male ‘students’. if Nawab Sahab was a homosexual then he should not marry but who force him to marry? Safec… https://t.co/aPTMptNFrA, RT @elsamariedsilva: @DrMichelleF @pinthecreep All media should have age appropriate content, controls and ratings. She uses the imagery of an elephant to portray a young girl’s sense of confusion. The description itself holds an unhealthy ring to it. It is, at the same time, also symbolic of the confusion around the understanding of same-sex desire around that time. Ismat Chughtai (21 August 1915 – 24 October 1991) was an Indian Urdu novelist, short story writer, and filmmaker. The two women’s difference in class status is what enables them to get close to each other physically (giving Rabbu access to Begum Jaan’s body in order to facilitate and sustain the sexual relationship). ... Each film shares the common theme of fear, and each film is based on real-life stories. The shadow of the elephant cast on the wall is used to subtly imply the physical relationship of the two women under the quilt. On the face of it, there seems to be nothing wrong with providing help to nubile, young boys. In that age peoples consider Homosexuality as a crime so for the sake of society he married Begum Jaan but never build sexual relation with her. A potent idea that is propagated in this story is the idea of subjugation of female sexuality and desire. When Rabbu leaves to visit her son, who had supposedly refused the hospitality of the Nawab, for an indefinite period, there is a nasty turn of events. Instead of apologizing, Chughtai chose to contest this charge and although the case dragged on for two years in Lahore, in the end she won the trial. Unlike other men of his social status, he never engaged in pigeon or cock fights. The film raises themes of homosexuality and freedom of speech that our society is grappling with even today. “No one had ever seen a nautch girl or prostitute in his house”. These are not boys who are described as naughty, quarrelsome robust kids but fair-faced and ‘slender-waisted’ young boys in ‘perfumed, flimsy shirts’. The writer and her friend-contemporary Saadat Hasan Manto were accused of obscenity for their stories -- Lihaaf and Boo respectively. As a mature reader you all know, what this massage mean, there Is no need to explain it (it is lesbian sex). Lihaaf is an exposé of same sex relationship in a Muslim household. Tying them together would inevitably colour the opinion of the majority against an already oppressed sexual minority. She rediscovered sexual pleasure, the fulfillment of her own desires in Rabbu’s sensual oil massages, in her touch. It not only spoke of alternatives for sexually repressed women in a patriarchal world but was also an attack on this world which was in turn shocked and understandably so, out of it’s own self-absorption. It brought much notoriety upon her but towards the end of her life she was quite distressed by the fact that none of her other works received as much recognition as Lihaaf did. Main Theme: Homosexuality, sexual discrimination, marriage for money etc, Nawab Sahab: A well reputed Nawab and a homosexual, Begum Jaan: wife of Nawab Sahab and our story protagonist Amiran: A little girl who is niece of Begum Jaan and she is narrating the story Rabbu : Servant in Begum Jaan house, Some other servants, some children and mother of Amiran. The homosexual underpinnings of his social life strategically veiled from the hetero-normative society, goes unnoticed. When Rabbu leaves to visit her son, who had supposedly refused the hospitality of the Nawab, for an indefinite period, there is a nasty turn of events. Begum has no choice but to get married off and "installed" in Nawab's house. However, when Ismat Chughtai, a female author touched on the theme of … The visual of the elephant in the room was as disturbing for the little girl as it was for the readers of the time. CONCLUSION But Chughtai does not portray her as a helpless woman but rather gives her the agency to find pleasure on her own terms. Begum Jaan would have glimpses of them in their perfumed, flimsy shirts and feel as though she was being raked over burning embers!” — Quilt, Ismat Chughtai. Chughtai launches an attack into the society’s perception of a ‘diseased condition’ that homosexuality was considered to be without explicitly mentioning it. Chughtai launches an attack into the society’s perception of a ‘diseased condition’ that homosexuality was considered to be without explicitly mentioning it. Directed by Deepa Mehta, the movie was loosely based on Ismat Chughtai's 1942 story, Lihaaf (The Quilt). Lihaaf redefines the relationship between a lesbian identity, the Muslim household and the patriarchal institution. • Bandit Queen • Kamasutra : The Tale of Love • Sins. The story of Lihaaf  takes its readers behind the curtain, playing in the shadows of same-sex desire, and lifting the veil off of the forbidden desires of women in Muslim households. The theme of the narrative, before the emergence of a strong public queer movement in India, was not just a taboo but even the existence of which was not acknowledged, or mentioned in the ‘polite’ society. The same aversion to addressing sexuality in general can be seen even now. Homosexuality is still one of the most controversial issues in India, so choosing this theme was a brave step by Ismat Aapa. Lihaaf Summary by Ismat Chughtai - The story is a ‘terrifying’ memory of an unnamed narrator that happened during her childhood. 'Tum Akeli Nahi' Known for her radical and antithetical ideas, in a time when even mentioning the word ‘homosexual’ was a taboo, Chughtai dared to create narratives around the theme of homosexuality. Told from the perspective of a young girl, the story explored the theme of homosexuality under the ‘lihaaf’. She rediscovered sexual pleasure, the fulfillment of her own desires in Rabbu’s sensual oil massages, in her touch. Begum Jaan the lead female character of Quilt married a rich Nawab who had great reputation in society but was a Homosexual, because he was Nawab, he can’t share this secret to anyone, he knew that once society find him as a homosexual, he will lost all the reputation which his ancestor earn. The strong illusions of religiousness have translated to the morality of his social life in the eyes of the world underlined by references to his lack of sexual hedonism. Instead of giving in to the regressive customs of a patriarchal institution only by virtue of a legal relationship she shared with her husband, she goes on to paint a new image of a woman who is sexually liberated taking advantage of the segregated space in the household where she was ‘installed’ like a furniture by the Nawab. These are not boys who are described as naughty, quarrelsome robust kids but fair-faced and ‘slender-waisted’ young boys in ‘perfumed, flimsy shirts’. BEGUM JAAN AND RABBU- EXPLORING UN-‘QUILT’ING SEXUALITIES. The film raises themes of homosexuality and freedom of speech that our society is grappling with even today. Still today In lots of society or villages peoples consider marriage an economy exchange. Lihaaf tells the story of Begum Jaan who is married to an old Nawab Saheb ‘of ripe years’, belonging to a rich Muslim household, imprisoned in the same house by the regressive customs and patriarchal shackles of marriage imposed on a woman, made to suffer a life of  isolation because her husband “tucked her away in the house with his other possessions and promptly forgot her”. It was Rabbu who “. It spoke of female sexuality defining the sexual needs of a woman, and also went many steps ahead ascertaining a conscious choice of an alternative sexuality instead of the conventional heteronormative behaviour. The description itself holds an unhealthy ring to it. Talking to children regarding s…, RT @jyotigoyal08: @pinthecreep Communication has vital role in safety of kids. Muhammad Hasan Aksari’s Chai ki pyali, 1942 which made subtle gestures to female homosexuality and rekhtis written by male poets did not invoke much criticism. You all will familiar with this typical Bollywood dialogue. A small, immature girl is narrating the story so there are many double meaning word such as, “when I put a quilt over myself its shadows on the wall seem to sway like an elephant”. Instead of giving in to the regressive customs of a patriarchal institution only by virtue of a legal relationship she shared with her husband, she goes on to paint a new image of a woman who is sexually liberated taking advantage of the segregated space in the household where she was ‘installed’ like a furniture by the Nawab. Lihaaf not only re-presented the unspoken but also brought to light the taboo subject of female sexuality and the presence of female desires in a heteronormative marriage. Titas Ghosh is the Program and Outreach Officer at Delhi. Quilt (Lihaaf) is the most controversial and most popular work by well-known Urdu writer of Indian Sahitya (Literature) “Ismat Chugtai”, story of Quilt is about homosexuality, which is still one of most controversial issue in India. 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