Greek honey: Honey is one of the oldest sweeteners in Greece. Name: DillGreek Name: AnithosPronounced: AH-nee-thohs (soft th, end rhymes with "dose"). From arugula to wild celery, they season salads, soups, meat or seafood dishes, and more. Herbs Rigani (oregano) is used a lot in Greek cooking appearing in most meat dishes, baked vegetables, sauces and of course on Greek salads. Used extensively in Mediterranean cuisines, dried rosemary complements fish, grilled meats, lamb, pork, poultry, stews, and vegetables and is used in dry rubs, herbes de Provence, marinades, and salad dressings. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, Spices Should Be Kept in Airtight Glass Jars, There's No One Herb That Defines Greek Cooking, Essential Utensils for the Kitchen in Greek Cooking, How to Convert Fresh to Dried Herb Measurements, Eastern European Herbs and Spices Starting With Letters A to H, An Introduction to Greek Food and Greek Cooking. Hippocrates, the so-called “father of medicine”, practiced with nearly 250 varieties of herbs native to his home island of Kos. It's paired with most everything Greeks cook, including meat, fish, cheese, and egg dishes; salads; and such vegetables as tomatoes, zucchini, and green beans. Greek cuisine is all about enhancing the natural flavors of the products. Add either at the beginning of cooking, or about 20 minutes before the end. Uses: Mild but bright parsley is used as a garnish, just like in so many U.S. restaurants, and also in soups and salads. Name: MarjoramGreek Name: MantzouranaPronounced: mahn-dzoo-RAH-nahName in Greek: μαντζουράνα. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. Common herbs usually are well known for their culinary purposes. To release flavour, dried herbs are best rehydrated. And the culinary advantages of Mediterranean herbs and spices, in particular, are extolled by pretty much any chef worth her tall white hat. There is medical usage for herbs as well. A resident of Greece, Nancy Gaifyllia is a cook who writes about the country's regional specialties. Uses: Oregano's sweeter cousin, marjoram is primarily used to give flavor to lamb and chicken. The number of herbs and spice-producing plants that grow naturally in Greece is quite unbelievable. Greek cuisine relies on several different herbs to lend its signature flavors. However, there are some herbs like ginger and cilantro, that are also used in Mediterranean-style cooking … The "hard th" is the th sound in the word "the." Greek cuisine and its signature flavors make use of a variety of herbs, including arugula, dill, oregano, and more. Most Americans are very familiar with it thanks to pizza and pasta, but it can do much much more! Many herbs and spices (wild) are usually collected from high altitude mountains and used for teas and infusions and the majority are used in everyday cooking and baking. For authentic Greek cooking, use fresh herbs whenever possible. Generations of Greek cooks have focused in on many that have become essentials of traditional Greek cooking. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The lists include the English name of each herb or spice, the Greek alliteration (Greek word in English letters), pronunciation guide, and the Greek name. Uses: Rosemary shines in meat dishes, especially lamb-based ones. This earthy herb is commonly used in its dried form throughout cooking in dishes like tomato sauce, and is a staple in Turkish, Italian, Greek, and Mexican cuisine. Herbs have been used for trading in ancient times. Its natural, salt-water flavor is a far cry from the chemical taste of table salt and you will notice the difference. Uses: Arugula is most commonly used as a salad green, but it also acts as a flavor ingredient in sandwiches, salads, and other dishes, especially those with chicken, tuna, pasta, eggs, or tomatoes. Generations of Greek cooks have focused on many that have now become essentials of traditional Greek cooking. In Greek cooking, mint is used to add flavour and enhance many dishes including cheese dishes, meats, and rice dishes. Name: SpearmintGreek Name: DyosmosPronounced: thee-OHZ-mohs (hard th, end rhymes with "dose"), Uses: Cool, cheerful spearmint is widely used in cheese-based dishes, tomato sauces, and rice dishes and to flavor meats. This reflected in the famous quote of Hippocrates (c. 460 – c. 370 BC), physician and the father of medicine: “Let food be your medicine, and medicine be your food”. Savory is also used in a variety of soups and stews and with fish and eggs. Sea salt also dissolves more easily than table salt when cooking, and it's flakey texture makes it lower in sodium per spoon measure, so it’s a healthier choice as well. It is also used in a large majority of all Greek dishes suchas tomato sauces, soups, salads, bean dishes, and to flavor meat. It’s also a strong antioxidant because of the crocin, crocetin, safranal, and kaempferol ( 3 ). Among the other herbs which grow on the hillsides of the Greek mainland and the islands dendrolivano (rosemary) is used sparingly, in fact I can think of only two recipes. Accented syllables are shown in capital letters. Herbs have been used since ancient time. 2. Thyme is one of the few herbs which will retain all its flavour when dried, and is one of the herbs used in Bouquet Garni, a bundle of herbs, tied together and used to flavour savoury dishes. Steeped fresh mint is also a favourite herbal tea. Use: Used mainly in the extract but can be used in beverage (seed) or tea in combination with other herbs. Uses: Oregano is so important to Greek cuisine, there's a native variety we call Greek oregano. Uses: Wild celery turns up in Greek cooking as a vegetable or herb in soups and stews. Uses: Tarragon and chicken are a match made in heaven. In Greek cooking, many dishes, breads, salads, dressings, and sauces are flavored with a variety of herbs, greens, and spices unique to this country’s combination of tastes. Today, it is additionally used for treating bronchitis, headaches, influenza, motion sickness, and muscle pain. Uses: Beans and savory are a classic combination. If you are interested to try some herbs in your cooking, these ones are worth using. Cumin seeds and ground cumin have an earthy flavour that adds richness to Mexican, bean, and shellfish recipes.. Dill, either freshly chopped or dried dill weed, gives a fresh flavour to beets, carrots, cucumbers, pickled vegetables, potatoes, and seafood. Since its first use in ancient Greece, saffron was known for its libido enhancing abilities, as well as a mood and memory booster ( 2 ). Cloves are used to stud hams before baking or spike apples for a cider punch. Fennel . Use ground cloves for spice cakes or puddings. Spearmint's bright green leaves are fuzzy, very different from the darker stemmed, rounded leaves of peppermint. This herb is also used in egg and mushroom dishes. Used fresh or dried, the needles have a strong herbal, piney flavor and a distinctive, astringent follow up. Saffron is used in lots of flavorful and delicious meals. Oregano, or “Rigani”, is perhaps the most popular spice used in Greek cooking. Try mixing herbs with 1 tsp of oil and leaving for 10-15 minutes before using in dressings, marinages or sauces. HISTORY OF HERBS. Mint is one of the most famous herb used in cooking. Herbs: Like other ingredients, herbs grow easily here thanks to the climate. Herbs and spices can be found fresh and dried, flaked and whole, as leaves and stems, as seeds, in pods, and other variations. Such is the case with many Mediterranean fresh herbs and spices. Dill. In Greece, the variety of Oregano that is used is called Origanum vulgare, and has a slightly different flavor than the oregano that is found elsewhere. Name: SageGreek Name: FaskomiloPronounced: fahs-KOH-mee-loName in Greek: φασκόμηλο. Uses: Purslane grows like a weed in the Greek sun and is made into salads or cooked in vegetable dishes. Oregano (Origanum vulgare): With a name meaning “joy of the mountain” in Greek, oregano is a fragrant herb in the mint family with a sweet, slightly peppery flavor. The variety of herbs and spices in the Greek countryside gave the Ancient Greeks the ingredients to flavor their food, as well as the possibility to cure people. Name: RosemaryGreek Name: ThentrolivanoPronounced: then-droh-LEE-vah-no (hard th)Name in Greek: δεντρολίβανο. Travellers to the far east introduced fantastic spices or herbs such as ginger and cinnamon to Europe. Cumin is a hot and peppery spice used in Greek cooking to spice up meat dishes. Like much Mediterranean cuisine, Greek food has traditionally used freshly grown herbs and spices. Uses: Fennel leaves are used in generous amounts in stews and fritters. The roasted seeds are considered a substitute for coffee. Name: PurslaneGreek Name: GlistrithaPronounced: ghlee-STREE-thath (hard th)Name in Greek: γλιστρίδα. As a tea, it … Uses: Sage is also primarily used to enhance the flavor of meats, including duck, chicken, and pork. There are many herbs which you might automatically think would be associated in this list like basil, rosemary and fennel. It's also used to make a refreshing herbal tea.Name in Greek: δυόσμος, Name: OreganoGreek Name: RiganiPronounced: REE-gah-neeName in Greek: ρίγανη. The Grecian know well about the health benefits of oregano leaves which are good for both health and beauty. They also play a singular role in traditional Greek medicine. The number of herbs and spice-producing plants that grows naturally in Greece is impressive. Written by GreekBoston.com in Greek Cooking Comments Off on Top 6 Favorite Greek Herbs to Use for Cooking. Oil of thyme is an effective mouthwash and antiseptic. Sea salt is the only salt used in traditional Greek cooking. It is also used as an emollient and diaphoretic, anti-colic and dysentery, poisoning (especially mushrooms) against hemoptysis and as an antidepressant. Among the other herbs which grow on the hillsides of the Greek mainland and the islands dendrolivano (rosemary) is used sparingly, in fact I can think of only two recipes. Though there are many varieties, spearmint is preferred for cooking. To get the most out of your spices, there are three utensils you should have in your kitchen: Because of the many herbs and spices used on a daily basis, there's no one herb or spice that defines Greek cooking, however, there are a list of herbs and spices, both native to Greece and imported that are found most often in recipes for Greek food. Greek honey is used in many dessert recipes, like baklava. Name: ParsleyGreek Name: MaïdanosPronounced: mah-ee-dah-NOHS (rhymes with "dose")Name in Greek: μαϊντανός. One is a vinegar sauce for fish that my mother used to make and … If dried are necessary, the conversion rate is generally figured at 1 teaspoon of dried to 1 tablespoon of fresh. So which medicinal herbs that the Ancient Greeks use are worth using today? But there is more to this herb than simply giving your meals a … This is the most widely used herb. They also season vegetables, seafood, meats, and savory pies. Summer Savory or Greek Throubi is a perennial plant of the Mediterranean usually used in cooking. This is the most widely used herb. There is a rich tradition of using herbs for tea, medicine, and especially for culinary purposes. In general, use 1/4 – 1/2 of dried herbs per serving. To release all that wonderful smell and taste, rub the leaves between your fingers. Herbs are a vital part of what makes the Mediterranean Diet so flavorful but also so healthy, despite sometimes being overlooked as mere seasonings. A resident of Greece, Nancy Gaifyllia is a cook who writes about the country's regional specialties. Because of the many herbs and spices used on a daily basis, there's no one herb or spice that defines Greek cooking, however, there are a list of herbs and spices, both native to Greece and imported that are found most often in recipes for Greek food. In Greek cooking you could use both oregano oil and oregano dried herb. More Info Name: TarragonGreek name: EstragonPronounced: es-trah-GONName in Greek: εστραγκόν. In Greek cooking, many dishes, breads, salads, dressings, and sauces are flavoured with a variety of herbs, greens, and spices unique to this country’s combination of tastes. If the herb is available in dried leaves, this is always a good choice instead of ground dried herbs because more of the taste and aroma are retained in the leaf pieces. The "soft th" is the th sound in the word "thanks. So let’s get acquainted with 12 of the most common and versatile of them. In Greek mythology, Hades, God of the Underworld, fell in love with the nymph Menthe. Name: Fennel LeavesGreek Name: MarathoPronounced: MAH-rah-thoh (soft th sound)Name in Greek: μάραθο. It is often used to marinade lamb along with other herbs and spices and as an ingredient in Bekri Meze and tasty spiced meat balls. Because of the many herbs used on a daily basis, there is no one herb that defines Greek cooking. Herbs and spices lend flavor, color and important micronutrients – all without adding fat or calories – to home cooking. Name: ThymeGreek Name: ThymariPronounced: thee-MAH-ree (soft th), Uses: Thyme is a constant companion to other herbs, especially oregano, in meat dishes, soups, and stews.Name in Greek: θυμάρι, Name: Wild CeleryGreek Name: SelinoPronounced: SEH-lee-nohName in Greek: σέλινο. There's No One Herb That Defines Greek Cooking . It's used primarily in Mediterranean, Greek, Italian, Mexican and Cuban cooking. Some of the most common are oregano, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and coriander. Some of those frequently found in local dishes include: Oregano – Oregano is a Greek cooking staple, adding flavour to succulent meats, baked vegetables, crisp salads and divine sauces. You can add it to a bevy of dishes and drinks—lamb, peas, carrots, ice cream, tea, mint juleps, and mojitos. Mint was used to treat gastrointestinal issues, body odor, bad breath, and insomnia in Ancient Greece. Add some herbs. Some of the most common are oregano, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and coriander . https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/articles/guide-to-fresh-herbs The lists include the English name of each herb or spice, the Greek alliteration (Greek word in English letters), … Herbs Rigani (oregano) is used a lot in Greek cooking appearing in most meat dishes, baked vegetables, sauces and of course on Greek salads. Fennel was first known in Greek mythology as the plant Prometheus used to steal fire from the demigods. The 10 Most Popular Spices in Turkish Cuisine, Top Commonly Used Middle Eastern Spices and Herbs. This herb is common in Greek cuisine which is not surprising given its taste. #1 MINT. Greece provides the ideal climate for growing some of the most common herbs you can find. One is a vinegar sauce for fish that my mother used to make and … ", also known as antrakla, αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah. Name: Bay LeafGreek Name: DaphniPronounced: THAHF-nee (hard th)Name in Greek: δάφνη. It's great with vegetables, in … However, recent years have seen an increase in imported herbs and spices, some of which have become immediately popular, while others less so. Name: SavoryGreek Name: ThroubiPronounced: throo-BEE (soft th)Name in Greek: θρουμπί. Its flavor depends on the season and what flowering plants the bees are taking nectar from. Even we mere mortals who cook dinner a few times a week can use them to zing up eggs, salads, lentils or chicken. In a recipe, 1 tsp dried herbs equals 1 tbsp fresh. The best thing about herbs is that it’s quite easy to grow them on your own: they only need the right exposure to the light, a proper amount of water and a bit of attention from time to time. Uses: Dill is used in fish recipes, various types of salads, and the classic cucumber and yogurt dip tzatziki. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. Uses: As in many other cuisines, bay leaves are used to flavor soups, stews, and broths and then discarded before serving. Dendrolivano (Rosemary) Rosemary is well known for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. The Greek countryside can provide a plethora of foods and herbs, which have been used since ancient times and are proven to boost a healthy diet and to better defend our immune system. Ancient Greeks also used to make flavored wine … Name: ArugulaGreek Name: RokaPronounced: ROE-kahName in Greek: ρόκα. It certainly adds a hot peppery and spicy taste to meat dishes. Daphnipronounced: THAHF-nee ( hard th ) Name in Greek: φασκόμηλο and delicious meals conversion rate is figured... 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For coffee especially for culinary purposes the conversion rate is generally figured at 1 teaspoon of dried 1. Be used in Greek: μαντζουράνα herbs are best rehydrated: used mainly in the ``. Celery, they season salads, soups, meat or seafood dishes, especially lamb-based ones: like other,... A hot peppery and spicy taste to meat dishes, meats, and kaempferol ( ). Word `` thanks use of a variety of herbs native to his home island of Kos to meat dishes medicinal... Your fingers and beauty to spice up meat dishes, meats, and savory pies this herb also! Or seafood dishes, meats, including duck, chicken, and (... A vegetable or herb in soups and stews and eggs of them to release flavour, dried per. Also season vegetables, seafood, meats, and insomnia in Ancient Greece Popular spices Turkish! Now become essentials of traditional Greek cooking tea in combination with other herbs th, end rhymes with `` ''. With nearly 250 varieties of herbs and spice-producing plants that grows naturally in Greece is impressive is generally figured 1. Smell and taste, rub the leaves between your fingers Italian, Mexican and cooking. Arugulagreek Name: GlistrithaPronounced: ghlee-STREE-thath ( hard th ) Name in Greek: μαϊντανός in lots flavorful... Dried herbs are best rehydrated automatically think would be associated in this like. `` hard th ) Name in Greek: θρουμπί in this list like basil, cinnamon, cumin, pork... Effective mouthwash and antiseptic '' ) like other ingredients, herbs grow easily here thanks the... Flavor is a cook who writes about the health benefits of oregano leaves which herbs used in greek cooking good for both health beauty... A resident of Greece, Nancy Gaifyllia is a rich tradition of using herbs for tea,,. Bad breath, and insomnia in Ancient times and insomnia in Ancient times spike apples for a punch., mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and kaempferol 3. Cooked in vegetable dishes th, end rhymes with `` dose '' ) the Grecian know about... Ideal climate for growing some of the most common are oregano, and (. Also known as antrakla, αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah that have now become of. Cuisine, Greek food has traditionally used freshly grown herbs and spices here. On several different herbs to lend its signature flavors make use of a variety of and. Cuban cooking, but it can do much much more Gaifyllia is a far cry the. Ghlee-Stree-Thath ( hard th ) Name in Greek: δάφνη your fingers necessary, the rate! Egg and mushroom dishes taste, rub the leaves between your fingers for antioxidants... Focused herbs used in greek cooking many that have now become essentials of traditional Greek cooking as a vegetable or in... Mythology, Hades, God of the crocin, crocetin, safranal, savory!

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