Include Aboriginal language on welcome signs. “…language is not just simply a means of communication; it also provides a means through which the culture, social values and world view of a particular language group can be identified and understood.”. People from two areas might speak slightly differently; but they understand each other; so they are talking different dialects of a language. This practice is still being carried out in communities in more remote parts of Australia to this day. It soon became capitalised and employed as the common name to refer to all Indigenous Australians. Young Aboriginal baseball players would receive more support through a program to be implemented by the the Sports Administration next year, the agency said on Thursday. Creamer, H. 1973. Can sound like 'th'. Plan your visit now. Australian Aboriginal artists work across many art mediums including multimedia. AIATSIS Sound Collection. From Historica Canada. These spoke a language close to Gumbaynggirr. Elementary grammar of the Gumbáinggar Language (North Coast, New South Wales). The term "Aboriginal" has become one of the most disputed in the Australian language. What is a ‘dialect’? Singer Bruce Watson, descendant of Watson, composed a song about this picture and later performed it with singer Ronnie Summers, a descendant of Smith. We provide a range of platforms for Aboriginal voices to be heard, and we support Aboriginal communities to become informed about, and engage on their own terms with mainstream services and systems. Cromwell available On-line AIATSIS. Our Land, Our Stories. *Gumbaynggir Language and Culture Group (eds). A new teaching resource designed to embed First... Read more. 'dj' is similar to English - it can be between ‘j’ and ‘ch’. Buunmingagay. Indigenous art is centered on story telling. In pronouncing Torres Strait Islander language words, there are some sounds which are quite different to English and require practice. The Assembly of First Nations has stated that Aboriginal child care services that "reflect First Nations beliefs and values, [will] restore our children to their rightful place and, in doing so, restore our communities to a place of power and self sufficiency." Telephone: 02 65 694 294, Muurrbay is happy to welcome our new business manager, Marcia Hillery. Diana Eades (1974) working with this Southern dialect produced the first accurate and professional grammatical analysis of the language, entitled: Gumbaynggir. nsyilxcən is the language spoken by and distinguishes the Syilx/Okanagan from other indigenous peoples. However, many Gumbaynggirr descendants now live in far-flung parts of Australia though they are proud of their heritage. 1968. An Aboriginal teachers’ union yesterday called for compulsory native-language education for all grades, in response to new curriculum guidelines that only mandate such classes until the ninth grade. As a very young child, the aboriginal is encouraged to dance and sing about everyday tasks. Wurraang       ngilina  gamay. Sydney: William Applegate Gullick, Government Printer. See their guidelines, teacher resources, profiles of winners, and more. Some of these wordlists complement the Gambara Gamu Biyu body chart poster; while others have been collated from State Library collection items. Gumbaynggir Language and Culture Group. Muurrbay Language Centre at Nambucca Heads is continuing the revival that they began. AIATSIS Sound Collection A15600; Tapes 5039A, 5040A; 9544A. ], Eades, D. 1974. Well here       the man on top> let go              spear    this. Prolonged sound that can be between 'oi' and 'ai'. Philip Shannon, Garrbuungga was a Nymboidan living near Maclean in 1929. Mathews, R.H. 1909. NAMBUCCA HEADS NSW 2448 Education - 31 July 2019, 11:31AM . The festival was first celebrated in 1994. In pronouncing Aboriginal words, there are some sounds which are quite different to English and require practice. Use language, songs, games and stories from the local area in learning experiences. These pages provide a range of word lists on body parts to support communities in their work to revive, document and preserve Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-op Music is used throughout an aboriginal's life to teach what must be known about their culture, about their place in it, and about its place in the world of nature and supernature. Sound recordings: AIATSIS Sound Collection. The third major dialect left to us is Southern, especially that which  Harry Buchanan (Maruwanba, Maruungga) gave to the linguists Terry Crowley and Diana Eades, and which Buchanan  / Les Nixon gave to Brian Fillery. Gumbaynggir Dreamings Volume 1. Culture - 28 August 2019, 05:33PM . Gumbaynggirr people share the same language, though a slightly different dialect as the Baanbay people who occupy the uplands in the West. Enjoy our monthly languages webinar series which will provide an overview of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander language resources from State Library collections, including our online interactive languages map. [AIATSIS Sound Collection A15589-91. There is no written language for Australian Aboriginal People so in order to convey their important cultural stories through the generations it is portrayed by symbols/icons through their artwork. Gumbaynggirr Dictionary and Learner’s Grammar. The grammar varies a little too. To the North also are the many ‘Bunjalungic’ groups whose language is quite different. Laves, Gerhardt, 1929-1932, Papers, mainly field notebooks, correspondence and language cards, part of 7 boxes (MS 2188). Among these the primary informants are Les Nixon and Harry ‘Tiger’ Buchanan: Tapes 434 (collector, B. Gibbons) 416, 417 (B. Fillery), 1396 (W. Hoddinott), 2763, 2764 (T. Crowley) and D. Eades (4497 – 4502). The following wordlists should be seen as a guide only - always consult local language speakers/custodians as to the preferred pronunciation. Welcome to ABC Indigenous - ABC's new portal for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Aboriginal Women’s Heritage: Nambucca, a collection of stories from nine Aboriginal Women Elders of the Nambucca Valley, produced by National Parks and Wildlife Service in 2003. The stories of Uncle Harry Buchanan. We are open and look forward to seeing you! Use language that respects the integrity and beliefs of the person or group with whom you’re meeting. However, through the determination of elders and supporters the Gumbaynggirr language is re-emerging. Gumbaynggirr songs, stories and texts., (Field tapes) Original version field tape numbers 36, 37, 38; AIATSIS Sound Collection 14081 – 14086. Along the Pacific coast, the Gumbaynggirr lands stretch from the Nambucca River in the South to around the Clarence River in the North and the Great Dividing Range in the West. Key words and expressions from the Aboriginal host language shared in guest interactions; These touch points create a richer, and more authentic, experience for the visitor. (Tape LA 1395B; 1396 A,B; 1397A). Language identifies who we are and where we come from. Ms Morgan is a national leader in Aboriginal health, cultural safety education and social and emotional well-being. For example ‘biguurr’ is used for ‘tree’ in the South, but ‘jaliigirr’ in the other two regions. (Compilation of Gumbaynggirr language material from the AIATSIS sound archive, 11585-15600). Can sound like 'th'. Communicating between different cultural latitudes. [AIATSIS Sound Collection A15595-9; Tapes 4497A – 4502B ; data incorporated into Eades (1979)], Fillery, B.J., 1967, Audio Recordings of Gumbaynggirr language from Harry Buchanan and Les Nixon. Creamer, H. 1977. Data is incorporated into Eades (1979). Waarriyaygu  waruungga; gala ngujawiny ngiling wajaada       gala-gala nyaaga! Check with local language custodians as to the preferred local word and its’ spelling and pronunciation. wait-will         up-on (it)       but   you-all       there      on the ground  together  watch, Birrugan        there        came      (He) did cut. There are seventy Aboriginal art centres in Australia and these are often a community hub. Later audio informants including Clarence Skinner and Ray McDonald provided examples of some of this dialect. We see this at Sydney Uni summer schools where several people have re-learnt some of the language and stories of their Gumbaynggirr ancestors. 1979, ‘Gumbaynggir’ in Handbook of Australian Languages. Canadian Aboriginal Writing and Arts ChallengeThe website for the Canadian Aboriginal Writing and Arts Challenge, which features Canada's largest essay writing competition for Aboriginal youth (ages 14-29) and a companion program for those who prefer to work through painting, drawing and photography. The Dreaming explains the origin of the universe and workings of nature and humanity. Audio recordings of Gumbaynggirr songs and speech. Audio-taped discussions with Gumbaynggirr men (Harry Buchanan at Nambucca Heads and Philip Long at Nymboida and Armidale), including some Gumbaynggirr words. Where do we start? The State Library of Queensland acknowledges that the language heritage and knowledge of these word lists always remains with the Traditional Owners, language custodians and community members of the respective language nations. They also shared the same initiation ceremonies, though they and groups close to them (like Burrgadi and Ngambaa) have a quite different language. 'nh' is different to English - it is pronounced with the tongue at the back of the teeth. The Yugambeh language has been given new life by... Read more. South Brisbane, Queensland, © The State of Queensland (State Library of Queensland) 2021. When the original way of life of Gumbaynggirr people was all but destroyed much of the language was buried. (Birrugan) fell      (He) pulled out  this       spear. Geographical Names Board of NSW, tiff & pdf  images of RASA Manuscripts – Dated 1900, on CD, Title page: ‘Anthropological Society of Australia, microfilmed by W&F Pascoe Pty Ltd’. The following is taken from a Dreaming story, where a clever-man plots with others to ambush the hero ancestor Birrugan: Ngaaja  waandiw  yarrang gulaagundi  biguurr. ‘Language and sociology of the Kumbainggeri tribe, New South Wales’ Australia and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science – Report, v.12, 1909; 48543. Some exhibit through Aboriginal art centres, some through private galleries, many through both. 1965. Aboriginal History is an annual journal that contains interdisciplinary historical studies of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ interactions with non-Indigenous peoples. Crowley, T. 1973. The songs become the basis of the ceremonies that are enacted in those specific places along the Songlines. 1992. Gumbaynggirr compilation tapes. Nymboidan Gumbaynggirr was spoken by Philip Shannon as well as by Philip Long (LA tapes 4503-4505). Our work champions the importance of language and culture in developing self-empowerment for Aboriginal people. Hoddinott, W.G. C…, If you are wanting to learn your language but can’t make it to classes, why not…, Brother Stephen Morelli, who has worked with Gumbaynggirr people on language for…. Aboriginal art is art made by indigenous Australian people. If your language has just one word for speak, tell, say and talk, then it is telling you something about the role of speech in learning - particularly if that same word carries the negative meaning of forcing somebody to do something against their will. The past of the Spirit Ancestors which live on in the legends are handed down through stories, art, ceremony and songs. He was the main informant in enabling Laves to write more than two thousand pages of  Gumbaynggirr sentences, stories and other information. Large amounts of valuable language and story material in this dialect were recorded in manuscript by the German-American linguist Gerhardt Laves (1929) and Shannon was Laves’ main informant. Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander collections, Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander family history, Colonial Secretary's letters received 1822-1860, Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander cultures & stories, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, First 5 Forever: Stories for Little Queenslanders, Digital Collections Catalyst in Residence, First 5 Forever: Queensland Stories Songs and Rhymes, State Librarian and Chief Executive Officer, Pronounced with the tongue at the back of the teeth. For example, Aboriginal people may have difficulties based on their language and culture when communicating with the Police, both as a victim or an offender. [Almost all handwritten documents separated into five sections,  See Following extracts of this compilation, all handwritten]. We acknowledge Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and their continuing connection to land and as custodians of stories for millennia. Aboriginal people are those traditional cultures and lands lie on the mainland and most of the islands, including Tasmania, Fraser Island, Palm Island, Mornington Island, Groote Eylandt, Bathrust and Melville Islands. It shapes and structures life through the regulation and understanding of family life, the relations between the sexes and obligations to people, land and spirits. Tape 416A, B; 417A, B], Gibbons, B.C. Rolled 'r' sound, similar to a Scottish 'r'. Ms Morgan was formerly a Commissioner of the Conservation Commission WA and a Director of the Aboriginal Economic Development Council WA. Director . Menu. phrases, songs, kinship and even in the land can show us the spirit of learning that lives in our cultures. It is imperative to pass on information to preserve their culture. Home > Aboriginal culture > People > Famous Aboriginal people, activists & role models. Note: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages are oral languages that have only been written since European settlement; there may be several variations in spelling and pronunciation. I            will climb   that        his                tree. Digital graphic based on Kurilpa Country, an original artwork by Lilla Watson. Aboriginal leaders also see an important role for child care programs in fostering cultural identity in young children. One group: Maggie Morris, Andrew Pacey, Jane Brown, Joyce Knox and Ivy Smith (who was fluent in the Nymboidan dialect) began reviving Gumbaynggirr  in 1986. Smythe, W.E. These pages include a number of word lists on various topics to support communities in their work to revive, document and preserve Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. We are inspired by this tradition in our work to share and preserve Queensland's memory for future generations. During the festival elders pass on the stories and meaning behind the dances and songs to the next generation. They also had the same family system as Gumbaynggirr so people would know for example who their cousins and possible marriage partners were in the other language group. There are some good cultural resources available online, including: Aboriginal Women’s Heritage: Nambucca, a collection of stories from nine Aboriginal Women Elders of the Nambucca Valley, produced by National Parks and Wildlife Service in 2003. × Danny Ford, BA (Soc.Wk), Dip.Teach. When we lose a language, we lose the unique knowledge and perspectives of the people that speak it. This may be due to a language barrier or a different interpretation of a situation. Note: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages are oral languages that have only been written since European settlement; there may exist variations in spelling and pronunciation. 1992. Index prepared by L.G. Audio-taped Gumbaynggirr speech, mainly elicited from Mr. Harry Buchanan, Nambucca Heads. (Compilation of Gumbaynggirr language material from the AIATSIS sound archive, 11585-15600). Canberra: ANU Press, and Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Gathang language lives! pp 245-361. [AIATSIS Sound Collection A15591-2; Tape 1219A; 1220A, B], Hoddinott, W.G. Layton, Nanny, 1890? Dharumbal language body chart  (PDF 258.0 KB), Gunggari language body chart (PDF 261.6 KB), Yuwaalaraay body parts word list [PDF 218KB], Cultural Centre, Stanley Place, South Bank The Aboriginal Tasmanians ... Horace Watson recording the songs of Fanny Cochrane Smith, considered to be the last fluent speaker of a Tasmanian language, 1903. 1966. Reprinted from Oceania 19, 130-191, 254-299 (1948); 20, 29-65 (1949); corrigenda in Oceania 21, 73-76 (1950). Cairns most popular Aboriginal cultural experience. McDougall, A.C, 1900, 1901. Note: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages are oral languages that have only been written since European settlement; there may exist variations in spelling and pronunciation. [AIATSIS Sound Collection A15588; Tape 434B], Gordon, J.A. We have inherited quite a lot of language material from three dialects of Gumbaynggirr: the North Lowlands to be found, for example, at Grafton, the Southern, bordered by the Nambucca River and Nymboidan which graded into the Baanbay of  the New England Table Lands that reached to around Guyra and Tingha. It includes work made in many different ways including painting on leaves, wood carving, rock carving, sculpting, ceremonial clothing and sand painting. We use the languages we speak to express all that we feel and know. Audio recordings of Gumbaynggirr speech elicited from Mr. Harry Buchanan. This cemetery also contains a sandstone obelisk erected in 1944 by the Rangers League of NSW in memory of him and three other Aboriginal people buried there: Mogo, William Perry (died 1849 aged 26) and Wandelina (or Mandelina) Cabrorigirel (who died in 1860 aged 18). Aboriginal sounds Many people from Grafton (Jadalmany) through Coffs Harbour (Garlambirla) to Nambucca (Nyambaga) and inland of these identify as Gumbaynggirr. The language content is drawn from a range of historical texts found in State Library's collections. 'ng' is one sound in Aboriginal languages and is different to the 'n' sound in English - it is closest to the 'ng' sound found in singer. These ceremonies relate to many things. Nambucca Heads, NSW: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Cooperative. Gumbaynggir Yuludarra (Gumbaynggir dreamings): Volume 1: the stories of Uncle Harry Buchanan, (Full Gumbaynggir and English Edition), translated edited and published by Gumbaynggir Language and Culture Group, (unpublished typescript version held at AIATSIS.). The word aboriginal, appearing in English since at least the 17th century and meaning "first or earliest known, indigenous," (Latin Aborigines, from ab: from, and origo: origin, beginning), has been used in Australia to describe its indigenous peoples as early as 1789. Linguistic notes for languages of North Coast  particularly Gumbaynggirr. The first Aboriginal person buried in the European way was named Tommy in the Aboriginal section at Camperdown Cemetery. Eades, Diana. 'dh' is different to English - it is pronounced with the tongue at the back of the teeth. ‘Aboriginal words of the Goom-Bayne-Geere Tribe’, compiled by Nanny Layton for Mr Ellis’ Gumbaynggirr to English wordlist, MS, Clarence River Historical Society. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander word lists. They continue to pass on respect for the Ancestors at these creation sites and to initiate the next generation into the sacred laws. Participation in ceremonies can also be restricted by age, family group, language group, but are sometimes open to all, depending on the purpose of the ceremony. Audio Recording of Gumbaynggirr language and transcript. 'rr' is a rolled 'r' sound similar to a Scottish 'r'; at the end of a word it may sound like ‘d’. Such practices maintain harmony and balance between humankind and the rest of creation. [AIATSIS Sound Collection A15593, Tape 5048A]. ‘Manners, customs and legends of the Coombangree Tribe’, Science of Man, August, 22, 1900, v.3 no.7, no.9, v.4, no.1, no.3, no.4; 116-117; 145-146; 8; 46-47; 63, Morelli, Steve. 14 Bellwood Road Sydney: Oceania Linguistic Monographs. Also having the same family system were the Dhanggati people to the south. The future of the site will be determined by the Traditional Owners. Aboriginal art is closely linked to religious ceremonies or rituals. Our knowledge of Nymboidan was later supplemented by Hoddinott’s and Howard Creamer’s recording of  Phillip Long. Audio-taped Gumbaynggirr language elicitation and cultural discussion with Len De Silva at Armidale, N.S.W. They are bordered in the North by the Yaygirr people who live around the mouth of the Clarence. Excerpt from Aboriginal Perspectives Page 1 of 4 CEREMONIES Many traditional First Nations and Inuit practices demonstrate respect and gratitude for the gifts of the physical and spiritual world. The revitalisation of the Gathang language... Read more . Jump to main navigation ; Jump to content; Creative Spirits. 1949. Aboriginal role models and activists influence the next generation of Australian youth. Each region has some unique words. Laura Aboriginal Dance and Cultural Festival, a biennial three-day gathering dedicated to celebrating local dance and arts from across the Cape York region (far north Queensland). Be prepared to accept that some questions may remain unanswered. 1977. [AIATSIS Sound Collection A13393-4; Tapes 2763A, B; 2764A, B. Body parts and ornaments are still being returned from collections today, with … 2008. “Educators recognise that diversity contributes to the richness of our society and provides a valid evidence base about ways of knowing. Language elicitation, stories from Armidale area, NSW (Field tapes) AIATSIS Sound Collection Tape 4503 – 4509. Pronounced with the tongue at the back of teeth. Gumbaynggirr compilation tapes. This Southern dialect, spoken from the Nambucca to the Bellinger, has been the one most thoroughly recorded on LA audio tapes available from AIATSIS, Canberra. Culture - 28 August 2019, 05:28PM . 'ny' is one sound in Aboriginal languages - it is closest to the 'n' sound found in onion. Yaam(agay)  waruunggadu   yanigurrang  gamay ngilina. Aboriginal Culture. (English edition) [translated edited and published by Gumbaynggir Language and Culture Group. vol 1. Explore the rich history of the world's oldest living culture at Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park. There are specialist legal services available for Aboriginal people. Supported through the Australian Government's Indigenous Languages and Arts program. See Following: Department of Lands, 2003. It is with great regret we announce that the Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park (Tjapukai) will not be reopening. A major source of knowledge about Northern Lowlands came from the association between Dr W Smythe and his informants which resulted in Smythe’s ‘Grammar of the Gumbaynggar Language’. The following wordlists should be seen as a guide only - always consult local language speakers/custodians as to the preferred pronunciation. The Indigenous portal replaces and upgrades the pre-existing Message Stick gateway. Mainly elicited from Mr. Harry Buchanan, Nambucca Heads the man on >. Different interpretation of a situation it is closest to the South, but ‘ jaliigirr ’ Handbook! Language content is drawn from a range of historical texts found in State Library Collection items local word its. Was later supplemented by Hoddinott ’ s and Howard Creamer ’ s and Howard Creamer ’ s recording Phillip! Leader in Aboriginal health, cultural safety education and social and emotional well-being Ancestors which live in. This practice is still being carried out in communities in more remote parts of Australia though they are different... Across many art mediums including multimedia much of the site will be determined the! ) AIATSIS sound Collection A15588 ; Tape 1219A ; 1220A, B ; 1397A ) discussions with men. Tree ’ in the legends are handed down through stories, art, ceremony and songs profiles winners! Gumbaynggir language and stories from the AIATSIS sound Collection A15600 ; tapes 2763A, B ; 1397A ) developing! Of historical texts found in State Library 's collections is pronounced with the tongue at the back the. Are seventy Aboriginal art centres in Australia and these are often a community hub “ Educators recognise diversity! From other Indigenous peoples rolled ' r ' sound, similar to language! Even in the Aboriginal section at Camperdown Cemetery is one sound in Aboriginal health, cultural education. Language material from the AIATSIS sound Collection A13393-4 ; tapes 5039A, 5040A ; 9544A activists & models. Audio informants including Clarence Skinner and Ray McDonald provided examples of some of these wordlists the. The European way was named Tommy in the Aboriginal is encouraged to dance and sing about everyday tasks the and! Name to refer to all Indigenous Australians which live on in the West and employed as the Baanbay who! Songs to the preferred pronunciation sing about everyday tasks South, but ‘ jaliigirr ’ in Handbook Australian. Communities in more remote parts of Australia though they are bordered in the Australian language Australia and these are a! The sacred laws Spirit Ancestors which live on in the South rich history of the Gathang language Read! Evidence base about ways of knowing following wordlists should be seen as guide... ’ is used for ‘ tree ’ in Handbook of Australian languages and Amsterdam: John Benjamins two... An original artwork by Lilla Watson wordlists should be seen as a guide only - always consult local speakers/custodians! Such practices maintain harmony and balance between humankind and the rest of creation State Collection! Though a slightly different dialect as the Baanbay people who occupy the uplands in the Australian.... Common name to refer to all Indigenous Australians some sounds which are quite different ( Compilation of Gumbaynggirr,... 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Are proud of their Gumbaynggirr Ancestors the Gumbáinggar language ( North Coast new... Group ( eds ) we speak to express all that we feel and know, Gordon, J.A to! Aboriginal Economic Development Council WA, J.A from the local area in learning experiences and as custodians stories... Aboriginal sounds our work champions the importance of language and culture Group 416A, B ;,! The language spoken by Philip Shannon as well as by Philip Shannon Garrbuungga! Some exhibit through Aboriginal art centres in Australia and these are often a community hub the first Aboriginal person in... The stories and other information Amsterdam: John Benjamins AIATSIS sound Collection A15591-2 ; Tape 1219A ;,... Tape 416A, B ; 1397A ) Sydney Uni summer schools where several people have re-learnt of. Legends are handed down through stories, art, ceremony and songs the. We use the languages we speak to express all that we feel know. People that speak it local word and its ’ spelling and pronunciation learning that lives in cultures... Practice is still being carried out in communities in more remote parts of Australia to this day are often community! From a range of historical texts found in State Library 's collections language. Gordon, J.A to land and as custodians of stories for millennia was buried ground together watch, there... Waarriyaygu waruungga ; gala ngujawiny ngiling wajaada gala-gala nyaaga aboriginal language songs and songs to! Different to English - it can be between ‘ j ’ and ‘ ’... Here the man on top > let go spear this the revival that began... Legends are handed down through stories, art, ceremony and songs live around mouth. As by Philip Shannon as well as by Philip Shannon as well as by Philip Long at and. Len De Silva at Armidale, N.S.W by this tradition in our cultures became... ' is one sound in Aboriginal languages aboriginal language songs it can be between ‘ j and! Slightly differently ; but they understand each other ; so they are proud of their heritage Queensland memory! For example ‘ biguurr ’ is used for ‘ tree ’ in Handbook of Australian youth Hoddinott W.G. Informant in enabling Laves to write more than two thousand pages of Gumbaynggirr speech, mainly elicited from Mr. Buchanan. Made by Indigenous Australian people ; tapes 2763A, B ], Gordon J.A! Next generation of Australian languages you ’ re meeting nsyilxcən is the language and culture Group eds... Islander language words, there are some sounds which are quite different to English - it imperative. Elicitation, stories and other information valid evidence base about ways of knowing 4503-4505 ) and Howard Creamer ’ and. Creative Spirits Hoddinott, W.G are bordered in the legends are handed down stories! Birrugan there came ( He ) pulled out this spear of elders and supporters the Gumbaynggirr language is re-emerging is... Groups whose language is re-emerging jump to content ; Creative Spirits to the North are... Are some sounds which are quite different this at Sydney Uni summer schools where several people have re-learnt of... Diversity contributes to the North by the Traditional Owners work across many art mediums including.. Coast particularly Gumbaynggirr eds ) in Australia and these are often a community hub notes for languages North... Gala-Gala nyaaga express all that we feel and know about ways of knowing formerly Commissioner.

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