Early in her reign she saw off an attempted coup by her prime minister, Bendahara Kayu Kelat. Many locals might try to physically assault upon hearing something bad about the Thai royal family, and at the very least you can expect getting verbally attacked. Figures as high as 5 percent of Thailand's population have also been mentioned. It covered approximately the area of the modern Thai provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and much of the northern part of modern Malaysia. After much negotiation (and recurrence of the disease), the king agreed to convert to Islam, adopting the name Sultan Ismail Shah. He founded the Gangga Negara kingdom. She also ordered that a channel be dug with a river dammed to divert water to ensure the supply of water to Patani. The 2nd–15th century state of Langkasuka and 6–7th century state of Pan Pan may or may not have been related. Tengku Mahmud Mahyideen was born into a royal family in turmoil. It reached its  zenith during the rule of the four queens of Pattani, Raja Hijau, Raja Biru, Raja Ungu, and Raja Kuning. Tengku Anis Tengku Abdul Hamid. Sultan Abdul Kadir Kamaruddin Syah (Phraya Pattani V) deposed in 1902 had descendants: Tengku Besar Zubaidah, married Tengku Ismail the son of Tuan Long Besar (Phraya Pattani III), had descendants: Thailand: Country Studies by the Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 23:10. An early kingdom in the Patani area was the Hindu-Buddhist Langkasuka, founded in the region as early as the 2nd century CE. They divorced in 2008. As if nothing could have hurt this lady king, and that she was in her nature made to be the king. Patani has been suggested to be founded some time between 1350 to 1450, although its history before 1500 is unclear. Siam, the neighboring kingdom from the north, also took the opportunity to attack Pattani in 1603, during the reign of King Narasuan (1590-1603). It was a royal battle that read like a fairy tale, with a young prince winning back his family inheritance from an evil uncle. Kelantan, on the east coast of Malaysia, abuts the Thai province of Pattani, whose population is also Malay and Muslim. It also become a centre of culture, producing high quality works of music, dance, drama and handicraft. But not in the case with Pattani. Chinese, Malay and Siamese merchants traded throughout the area, as well as Persians, Indians and Arabs. However, there is fragmentary evidence that some local people had begun to convert to Islam prior to this. The rebels gathered more than 5000 people to bring her down. This was about 50% of all the recorded Pattani's in the USA. A Dutch source indicates that most of the traders were Chinese, but 300 Portuguese traders had also settled in Patani by 1540s.[3]. [14][9], When Phetracha took control of Ayutthaya in 1688, Patani refused to acknowledge his authority and rebelled. • Conquest by Siam in 1785, later followed by annexation, "Bedé kaba' ou les derniers canons de Patani", "Patani in the Beginning of the XVII Century", "Chapter 2 :The Development of Patani and the Descent of its Rajas", "The Blessings and Perils of Female Rule: New Perspectives on the Reigning Queens of Patani, c. 1584–1718", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pattani_Kingdom&oldid=998981678, States and territories established in 1516, States and territories disestablished in 1902, 16th-century establishments in Southeast Asia, 1900s disestablishments in Southeast Asia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. – Nisriwani Yahaya, Syed Zulflida S.M. The golden age of Patani started during the reign of the first of its four successive queens, Raja Hijau (The Green Queen), who came to the throne in 1584 and was followed by Raja Biru (The Blue Queen), Raja Ungu (The Purple Queen) and Raja Kuning (The Yellow Queen). After he established a successful fishing outpost, other people moved to join him. Raja Biru persuaded the Kelantan Sultanate that lied to the south to become incorporated into Patani. C.S. Noor, 101 Puteri Dunia Melayu, Emerald Queen of Pattani (Raja Hijau of Pattani, 1584-1616), Female kings of Samudera Pasai- Ratu Nur Ilah and Ratu Nahrasiyah, Raja raja Perempuan Pasai- Ratu Nur Ilah dan Ratu Nahrasiyah, Sultanah Tajul Alam Safiatuddin Syah (English), The Azure Queen (Raja Biru) of Pattani (1616-1624). An alternative theory is that the Patani kingdom was founded in the 14th century. Tuanku Fauziah is the mother of a son, Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra Jamalullail, Raja Muda, and Sharifah Fazira, Tengku Puteri Mahkota. Queen Elizabeth II (Photo by Chris Jackson/WPA Pool /Getty Images) Born on April 21, 1926, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary became queen of England on Feb. 6, 1952, upon the death of her father, George VI. Initial reports claim 40 people were injured in two blasts in Pattani in Thailand In 1785, a resurgent Siam sent an army led by Prince Surasi (Viceroy Boworn Maha Surasinghanat), younger brother of King Rama I, to seek the submission of Patani. Raja Alung Yunus (1728–1729 or 1718–1729). However, much of the decline may be due to the silting up of the waterway linking it to the sea. Ships were also lost, which eventually which led to the withdrawal of the English from Patani.[12][5]. [3] This Patani was located in Keresik (name in Malay) or Kru Se (in Thai), a few kilometers to the east of the current city.[2]. Folklore suggests the name Patani means "this beach" which is "pata ni" in the local Malay language. from SandraLightbringer Website David Icke presents documented proof in his new book, "The Biggest Secret".The following is a selection of passages from David Icke’s book:. Useful Information. This culminated in the capture and destruction of the city of Ayutthaya in 1767, as well as the death of the king. They were joined by others including the Portuguese in 1516, Japanese in 1592, Dutch in 1602, English in 1612. Pattani Hotel, ranked #1 of 3 hotels in Pattani City and rated 4.5 of 5 at Tripadvisor. Patani was easily defeated by Siam in 1785 and resumed its tributary status. Two of its rulers were murdered by their relatives in fights for succession.[5]. Royal Family. She is close to her only daughter-in-law, Tuanku Lailatul Shahreen, Raja Puan Muda and only son-in-law, Mohammad Yaakob. Raja Hasan (brother of the Sultan of Johor) married a princess from Pattani. Sultan Hassan of Pahang,in his insistencem caused Pattani to attack Pahang until Pahang succumbed to the pressure and finally, Raja Ungu was able to return to Pattani. The Thai Ayutthaya kingdom also conquered the isthmus during the 14th century CE, and controlled many smaller vassal states in a self-governing system in which the vassal states and tributary provinces pledged allegiance to the king of Ayutthaya, but otherwise ran their own affairs. However, the Dutch refused to aid the Johor Kingdom in this matter, not wanting to disrupt the relation that the Dutch also had with the Pattani Kingdom. The 6–7th century Hindu state of Pan Pan may or may not be related. It reached its zenith during the rule of the four queens of Pattani, Raja Hijau, Raja Biru, Raja Ungu, and Raja Kuning. The war with Siam had caused considerable suffering to Patani as well as a significant decline in trade, and Raja Kuning adopted a more conciliatory stance towards the Siamese. The Malays of Southern Thailand are concentrated in the provinces of Patani, Yala, Satun and Narathiwat. Patani was seen by European traders as a way to access the Chinese market. The invasion resulted total annexation of Pattani to the Kingdom of … The 2nd–15th century state of Langkasuka and 6–7th century state of Pan Pan may or may not have been related. Muhammad V(previously known as Tuanku Muhammad Faris Petra; born 6 October 1969), is the Sultanof the Malaysianstate of Kelantan. Her late father, Tengku Mek Haji Ismail was son of HH Raja Tuan Besar Ibni Tuan Long Puteh, the third king of Pattani from Long Yunus dynasty of Kelantan while his mother was a daughter of the last king of Pattani, HH Sultan Abdul Kadir Kamaruddin Syah Ibni Sultan Sulaiman Syarafuddin Syah, brother of Tengku Muhammad Shah Of Pattani, Tengku Baniun of Pattani. Pattani (ปัตตานี), also spelled Patani in Malay, is the capital of a province of the same name on the Southern Gulf Coast.The population of the city is a little over 40,000 and is a mix of Malay, Thai and Chinese ethnic groups and Muslim and Buddhist religions. She is the youngest daughter in the family. https://www.healthgrades.com/physician/dr-kavita-pattani-x7g5s However, a series of attempted rebellions prompted Bangkok to divide Patani into seven smaller puppet kingdoms in the early 1800s during the reign of King Rama II. However, her reign was not a totally peaceful reign. The Dutch writer also praised her rule, “The Pattani Kingdom is ruled by a queen who has made it a safe haven. She stopped paying the Bunga mas tribute to Siam, and formed an alliance with Johor, marrying her daughter (who later became Raja Kuning) off to their ruler Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah III. He became Sultan of Kelantan in 2010, at the young age of 42, after succeeding his father who was incapacitated after a stroke. As a divorcee, he was the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong in Malaysian history to reign without a Raja Permaisuri Agong consort.. When Raja Hijau asked for the audience of her younger sister, Raja Ungu to return to Pattani, the husband of King Ungu, the Pahang Sultan rejected the request of Raja Hijau. Raja Hijau appointed John Smith, an English traveler to be her advisor. Emperor Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu (1542-1616) sent diplomatic and souvenir letters to the Pattani empire. Pattani was an independent Muslim city-state, ruling a large portion of the surrounding region until the 16th century, when it became a vassal state of Siam (now Kavita Pattani, MD, FACS. Raja Emas Chayam (1704–1707 or 1698–1702 and 1716–1718), daughter of the two preceding rulers, according to al-Fatani. • Raja Puteri (in English, King Princess): She became the King of Langkasuka after her brother Ganjil Sarjuna died. Pattani, town, southern Thailand, on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula. Local stories tell of a fisherman named Pak Tani (Father Tani), who was sent by a king from the interior to survey the coast, to find a place for an appropriate settlement. Britain recognised the Thai ownership of Patani by the Burney Treaty in 1826. Pattani lies 1,056 km south of Bangkok, and is located at the mouth of the Pattani River.A small port may have existed in the current location at Kuala Bekah by the early 17th century. The Pattani Kingdom, under the rule of Raja Hijau, was keen to build relationships with foreign sovereigns. Ayutthaya then invaded with 50,000 men and subdued Patani. Most Thai Muslims are Sunnis, although Thailand has a diverse population that includes immigrants from around the world. After 1620, the Dutch and English both closed their warehouses, but a prosperous trade was continued by the Chinese, Japanese, and Portuguese for most of the 17th century. As visitors to Thailand, we are often amazed at the deep and genuine devotion given to the Royal family, where their photos appear in nearly all (if not every) homes, in every towns & villages on banners and signboards, and when photos are not found, the yellow coloured flag of the King would be flying along roads even in the most isolated … Several members of the royal family, clearly unhappy with a female taking over the throne decided to oppose the newly appointed queen. She soon adapted to life in the UK and remembers accompanying her non-English-speaking grandparents to their GP practice, where she was bitten by the medicine bug. On 13th September 2010, 15 members of Royal Succession council of Kelantan has made a decision to proclaim Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra as the new Sultan of Kelantan replacing his ailing father, Sultan Ismail Petra. [13], According to Kelantanese sources, Raja Kuning was deposed in 1651 by the Raja of Kelantan, who installed his son as the ruler of Patani, and the period of Kelantanese dynasty in Patani began. The existence of a diasporic Pasai community near Patani shows the locals had regular contact with Muslims. The role of royal elites like Prince Damrong Rachanuphab and Phrya Yommarat in incorporating and modernizing the south is highly recognized by conventional Thai scholars (see Maneeratana 1977). [13] The power of the queen had declined by this period, and she did not appear to wield any significant political power. It is said that the ruler converted to Islam and took the name Sultan Ismail Shah or Mahmud Shah. This blog will narrate the story of … Till today, this dance is presented during events and considered the heritage of the Pattani people. It had declined by the late 17th century and it was invaded by Siam in 1785, which eventually absorbed the kingdom. Personal life. All her people were satisfied during her reign compared to during the reign of her predecessor, as life was more affordable and everyone had their basic needs fulfilled.”. The Pattani Kingdom also built diplomatic relations with the Japanese Kingdom, as they were interested in forming trade relations with each other. Suspected car bombs wound at least 40 people at a department store in the Thai coastal city of Pattani. Pattani (ปัตตานี), also spelled Patani in Malay, is the capital of a province of the same name in Deep Southern Thailand, lying on the east coast.The population of the city is a little over 40,000 and is a mix of Malay, Thai, and Chinese ethnic groups and Muslim and Buddhist religions. She is also related to the Royal Pattani family in southern Thailand. She is the third-longest-reigning monarch in the history of Britain. He asked his men where the animal had gone, and they replied: "Pata ni lah!" When she was initially appointed, a rebellion broke out. However, her daughter was already married to the king of Bordelong (Phatthalung), Okphaya Déca, who prompted the Siamese to attack Patani in 1633–1634. The city of Patani itself was sacked and destroyed, and a new town was later created a few miles to the west. [4][5] The first ruler of Patani (some sources say his son) later converted to Islam and took the name Sultan Ismail Shah or Mahmud Shah.[6]. From the eastern side of the Malayan Peninsular, the Pahang Kingdom also had a dispute with the Pattani Kingdom. (1969-10-06) 6 October 1969(age 44)Kota Bharu, Kelantan. In the 14th century CE, King Ram Khamhaeng the Great (c.1239 – 1317) of Sukhothai occupied Nakhon Si Thammarat and its vassal states which would include Patani if it had existed at that date. The region had been subject to Thai control for some time. In late October 2010, he married a Diana Petra. In 1619, John Jourdain, the East India Company's chief factor at Bantam was killed off the coast of Patani by the Dutch. Siam was shattered, and as rivals fought for the vacant throne, Patani declared its complete independence. Political circumstances suggest that by the 11th century, Langkasuka was no longer a major port visited by merchants. The Sultan of Kelantan is styled as HRH Al-Sultan of Kelantan. California and 1 other state had the highest population of Pattani families in 1920. Pattani (Patani) or the Sultanate of Pattani was a Malay sultanate that covered approximately the area of the modern Thai provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and much of the northern part of modern Malaysia. [9] In 1646, Patani joined other tributary states to rebel against Ayutthaya, but was later subdued by Ayutthaya. [9], After Raja Biru died in 1624, she was succeeded by her younger sister Raja Ungu (the Purple Queen). Towards the end of the 17th century, Patani was described in Chinese sources as sparsely populated and barbaric.[9]. However, the Siamese kingdom lost to the kingdom of Pattani, and did not manage to obtain any land from Pattani. Thus, the Johor Kingdom which was then an ally of the Dutch, instigated the Dutch to take revenge on their behalf. Many Chinese also moved to Patani, perhaps due to the activity of Lin Daoqian. Outraged,Raja Hassan killed both his brother and his wife. Born in Kota Baru on October 6, 1969, Muhammad V was christened Tuanku Muhammad Faris Petra, the eldest son of Sultan Ismail Petra Ibni Almarhum Sultan Yahya Petra. In 1641, she visited the Ayutthaya court to resume good relation. Following the death of Sultan Mansur Syah, Raja Hijau, the Sultan’s eldest daughter inherited the throne of the Sultan, whereby the Sultan had no male heir. Again, it must be stressed, these queens of Pattani were infact queen regnants, rulers in their own rights and not queen consorts, wive to the ruling kings. Patani became more important after Malacca was captured by the Portuguese in 1511 as Muslim traders sought alternative trading ports. There was also a dispute between the Johor Kingdom  and the Pattani Kingdom. A different queen appeared to have been in control of Patini again by 1670 (three queens of Kelantan lineage may have ruled Patani from 1670 to 1718). Langkasuka reached its greatest economic success in the 6th and 7th centuries and afterward declined as a major trade center. Raja Dewi (1707–1716; Fatani gives no dates). The 16th century witnessed the rise of Burma, which under an aggressive dynasty made war on Ayutthaya. This blog will narrate the story of these four queens and their legacy during their rule. This incident has spoiled most of Pattani Capital, but was finally resolved by the Pattani government. One day, he found that his wife was cheating with his own brother. These provinces were all part of what was known as Patani Raya (Greater Patani), which covered the domain of the earlier Sultanate of Patani, which was itself derived from the ancient kingdom of Langkasuka (mentioned in the Chinese texts as Lang-Ya-Hsiu). Pattani Kingdom (1516-1902) was a historical sultanate in current day southern Thailand and northern Malaysia. Tourists have been warned to stay away from the province of Pattani in southern Thailand after a car bomb blast killed one person and injured at least 29 others. Raja Hijau acknowledged Siamese authority, and adopted the title of peracau derived from the Siamese royal title phra chao. Sultan Manzur Shah (1564–1572), brother of Sultan Mudhaffar Shah. The town is located at the mouth of the Pattani River. The kingdom drew trade from Chinese, Indian, and local traders as a stopping place for ships bound for, or just arrived from, the Gulf of Thailand. He took the title of Phaya Tunakpa when he became the ruler. Sultan Phraya Long Muhammad Ibni Raja Muda Kelantan/Raja Kampong Laut Tuan Besar Long Ismail Ibni Raja Long Yunus (1842–1856), Tuan Long Puteh Bin Sultan Phraya Long Muhammad (Phraya Pattani II) (1856–1881), Tuan Long Bongsu Bin Sultan Phraya Long Muhammad (Sultan Sulaiman Sharafuddin Syah / Phraya Pattani IV)(1890–1898). 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