Sene, K. (2008) Flood Warning, Forecasting and Emergency Response. It is therefore highly important that warnings can be communicated effectively to the public and that emergency responses are implemented. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081571, Song, Yangho; Park, Yoonkyung; Lee, Jungho; Park, Moojong; Song, Youngseok. Therefore, a large segment of the population remained vulnerable. As part of non-structural measures, the Board has been providing flood forecasting and warning services through its Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC), established in 1972. Subscribe to our monthly newsletter. These resources are less widely available in developing countries therefore sending out the warning messages in a timely manner to the targeted audience can be problematic. Susquehanna Flood Forecast and Warning System The Susquehanna River Basin – from Cooperstown, N.Y., to the Chesapeake Bay – is one of the nation's most flood-prone watersheds, experiencing on average $150 million in damages each year. Flood Forecasting and Warning System Structures: Procedure and Application to a Small Urban Stream in South Korea. It is also not unusual for flood warning schemes in developing countries to be heavily funded by international civil society organisations (UK POST, 2005). on flood risks and vulnerability in the area. This may include the provision of sandbags, designing and implementing evacuation procedures, or distributing relief goods, amongst other activities. The runoff from heavy rainfall reaches urban streams quickly, causing them to rise rapidly. Mishra, D.K. It is likely that advice and guidance can be issued through the same channels used to notify communities of the flood risk as well as being made available prior to flood events. This demonstrates real potential for flood warnings in developing countries. Despite the fact that these actions can take place on a local level, involving larger organisations, with superior resources, knowledge and know-how may still prove beneficial in improving the quality of warning messages from the warning systems. Flood Forecasting Timely flood forecasting and warning is an effective way of reducing the impacts of flooding to people and property. Available from: Haque, C.E. Available at: UNISDR (2006). It should be noted, however, that due to the difficulty in obtaining information regarding flood forecasting in Africa, the overview presented by the authors might be an underestimation of the current situation. Forecasts may also be made to help decision-makers model how an event is likely to develop, how significant it will be upon arrival, and what sections of the population are likely to be at risk. Doing so, will mean actions can be quickly taken, helping to mitigate the consequence of flooding to the greatest degree. For example, in Bangladesh, warnings are disseminated by local trained volunteers or alternatively, through channels such as newspapers, television and radio. Build your networks, make partners, and stay informed of CTCN activities and services. Better still, by working together with neighbouring countries that may also operate flood warning systems, it may be possible to obtain more complete and timely meteorological data, better dissemination of warnings and improved responses. Water. However, flood warnings are heavily dependent on the other components of flood forecasting, warning, and response systems of which they are a central part. As such, the primary objective of a flood warning system is to reduce exposure to coastal flooding. As stressed above, a flood warning system is not sufficient on its own to reduce risk; people’s reactions to warnings – their attitude and the nature of their response – has an important bearing upon the effectiveness of a warning system (Haque, 1995). ACTIF/FloodMan/FloodRelief. Fear of looting may be addressed by providing a denser network of smaller shelters to reduce the distance between homes and shelters and to allow better protection of property (Haque, 1995). Paris: UNESCO. The use of volunteer messengers has been very successful in Bangladesh, since warnings may even be viewed as more relevant and person-specific when delivered by other members of the community. Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view. Without these elements, the effectiveness of flood warning systems is compromised. EWC III Third International Conference on Early Warning. 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